Lance W. Kreplick, M.D.

  • Assistant Professor
  • University of Illinois
  • EHS Christ Hospital
  • Oak Lawn, IL

Enalapril dosages: 10 mg, 5 mg
Enalapril packs: 60 pills, 90 pills, 120 pills, 180 pills, 270 pills, 360 pills

discount enalapril 5 mg overnight delivery

Enalapril 10 mg on-line

The cisterna magna arachnoid is opened, and the cervicomedullary junction is uncovered. The vertebral arteries can be identified anterior to the dentate ligaments coursing anteromedially. To gain extra distal exposure, the interhemispheric fissure could be cut up between the tonsils. Far Lateral Approach the far lateral approach offers extensive publicity of the vertebral trunk and anterolateral brainstem and is the most common approach to vertebral trunk aneurysms35-37 because most are unilateral and prolong past the region that could be accessed by way of a midline exposure. This creates a surgical hall along the vertebral artery axis that requires minimal cerebellar retraction. The outer cranial exposure is enhanced by resection of the C1 posterior arch and the posteroinferior cranium base (including the posterolateral foramen magnum, posterior half of the occipital condyle, and jugular tubercle). The patient could also be placed in a lateral position, modified park bench or three quarters inclined place with the lesion aspect uppermost. The aim of positioning is to put the ipsilateral mastoid course of at the highest point and maximally open the cervical-suboccipital angle. This puts the clivus perpendicular to the ground to allow the surgeon to look down the axis of the vertebral and basilar arteries and to work between the horizontally arrayed cranial nerves. A hockey-stick incision is made that begins in the cervical midline over the C5 spinous process, extends cephalad to the inion, programs laterally along the superior nuchal line to the mastoid bone, and finishes inferiorly on the mastoid tip. The midline nuchal ligament is identified to split the paraspinous musculature on this avascular airplane. A reduce just under the superior nuchal line detaches the paraspinous muscle tissue, that are mobilized inferolaterally to show the occipital bone and foramen magnum. This additionally creates a cuff for muscle reattachment throughout closure and mobilization rather than muscle transection and reduces postoperative pain.

enalapril 10 mg on-line

Cheap enalapril 5 mg buy on-line

Conti nue to moni tor bl ood pres s ure a fter di s conti nui ng because of beva ci zuma bi nduced hypertens i on. Pha rma codyna mi cs /Ki neti cs Di s tri buti on: Vd: 46 mL/kg Ha l f-l i fe el i mi na ti on: ~20 da ys (ra nge: 11-50 da ys) Excreti on: Cl ea ra nce: 2. Ca l cul a ti ons Body Surfa ce Area: Adul ts Admi ni s tra ti on: Ora l Admi ni s ter ca ps ul e fol l owi ng a fa t-conta i ni ng mea l. Admi ni s tra ti on: Topi ca l Al l ow gel to dry earlier than coveri ng wi th cl othi ng. Pregna ncy tes t wanted 1 week earlier than i ni ti a ti on a nd each month therea fter. It mus t not be gi ven to a pregna nt woma n or a woma n who i ntends to turn out to be pregna nt. Risk X: Avoid mixture Etha nol /Nutri ti on/Herb Intera cti ons Food: Ta ke wi th a fa t-conta i ni ng mea l. Bexa rotene s erum l evel s ma y be i ncrea s ed by gra pefrui t jui ce; a voi d concurrent us. Women pl a nni ng pregna ncy s houl d di s conti nue beza fi bra the s evera l months earlier than concepti on; s tri ct bi rth management procedures mus t be exerci s ed. Risk C: Monitor remedy Sul fonyl urea s: Fi bri c Aci d Deri va ti ves ma y enha nce the hypogl ycemi c impact of Sul fonyl urea s. In dos a ge s tudi es, no di fference wa s discovered between younger a dul ts a nd el derl y wi th rega rd to s tea dy-s ta the s erum concentra ti ons for bi ca l uta mi de a nd i ts a cti ve R-ena nti omer meta bol i te. Pregnancy risk factor X: Ins truct pa ti ent on a bs ol ute need for ba rri er contra cepti ves. A Revi ew," Drugs Aging, 1998, 12(5):401-22 [PubMed 9606617] Ivers en P, "Bi ca l uta mi de Monothera py for Ea rl y Sta ge Pros ta the Ca ncer: An Upda te," J Urol, 2003, 170(6 Pt 2 Suppl):48-52. Remove conta ct l ens es pri or to a dmi ni s tra ti on a nd wa i t 15 mi nutes before rei ns erti ng. Thi s product conta i ns benza l koni um chl ori de whi ch ma y be a ds orbed by conta ct l ens es; take away conta cts pri or to a dmi ni s tra ti on a nd wa i t 15 mi nutes before rei ns erti ng.


  • Narrowing of the salivary ducts
  • Holes in the skin or underlying tissues
  • Oxygen
  • Severe jaundice
  • Refraction test
  • Cancer of the ovaries
  • Glucose test - urine
  • In some people, this immune response is triggered by a certain food.
  • SSRIs such as paroxetine (Paxil) or citalopram (Celexa)

Buy enalapril 5 mg with mastercard

The related life-threatening accidents usually encountered in sufferers with sacral fractures take priority during early administration. Therefore, early operative intervention for a sacral fracture could be constrained by these concerns. Loss of stability and the presence of neurological deficits are the first issues in the choice to function. Sometimes, reduction and stabilization of an unstable pelvis (including the sacrum) could also be a priority throughout resuscitation in an effort to manage retroperitoneal hemorrhage and pain. Presacral or retroperitoneal bleeding happens from damage to the internal iliac vessels and the presacral venous plexus. Early therapy in patients with suspected sacral and pelvic fractures includes immobilization and army antishock trousers utilized acutely. During transportation, intravascular quantity resuscitation, external pelvic fixation, and fracture reduction ought to be instituted. Evacuation of retroperitoneal hematoma and pelvic exploration are contraindicated until persevering with and exsanguinating hemorrhage is present. An intra-abdominal or anterior method to fresh sacral fractures, with evacuation of tamponading retroperitoneal blood, is fraught with the chance for inflicting uncontrollable hemorrhage. Stability of sacral fractures may be defined crudely as the power of the fractured sacrum to bear physiologic loads with out additional displacement. Certain fracture patterns are more probably to be associated with instability: disruption and displacement of the sacroiliac joints; vertical sacral fractures, particularly these related to shear; and sacrotuberous and sacrospinous ligamentous rupture or avulsion. Many sacral fractures may be successfully managed conservatively with bed rest and pelvic immobilization. Most surgical approaches contain posterior neural decompression with skeletal reduction and internal fixation. Sacral fractures without prior trauma are a common supply of lower again ache in elderly osteopenic women. If the fracture is unstable and related to an anterior pelvic fracture or disruption, anterior pelvic fixation or plating is required.

cheap enalapril 5 mg buy on-line

Quality enalapril 10 mg

The house between the strut and the anterior longitudinal ligament is packed with salvaged autologous bone. There should be a space between the strut graft and the dura covering the neural components; the graft ought to be locked into the superior and inferior vertebral bodies to prevent posterior migration into the spinal canal. Hemostasis ought to be achieved before closure and after the malleable retractor is eliminated. A pleural catheter can be placed within the chest tube or by way of a separate percutaneous stab wound and is used for the supply of local anesthetic to help in postoperative pain control. Posterior stabilization and fusion ought to be carried out if essential to make sure stability of the spinal column. Table 318-2 lists the precise suggestions of 1 group for thoracic spine fractures. A more detailed dialogue of factors influencing the selection of particular treatment interventions is supplied right here. MinorFractures Spinous course of fractures might occur because of direct trauma to the posterior spine, whereas violent muscular contraction or direct trauma may cause fractures of the transverse processes. Although every of those lesions in isolation can appear benign, the spinal column must be evaluated additional to rule out additional harm. If the scans are normal, lateral flexion and extension plain radiographs are needed to exclude dynamic instability. CompressionFractures Compression fractures are the commonest thoracic spine harm. The mechanism is an axial load, which when applied to the kyphotic thoracic vertebral our bodies leads to an anterior flexion vector and a ensuing wedge compression deformity of the anterior vertebral physique. In the Denis classification, a compression fracture is an isolated anterior column injury that was considered stable as a outcome of the center column was spared. However, it was quickly recognized that lack of anterior body height of 50% or larger or a kyphotic deformity of 30 levels or larger might indicate concomitant posterior ligamentous failure and be related to an increased threat for long-term deformity.

buy enalapril 5 mg with mastercard

Cheap enalapril 5 mg buy on line

Ca ndes a rta n Ci l exeti l Study Inves ti ga tors," Am J Cardiol, 1998, 82(8):961-5. Boxed Warning]: Capecitabine may increase the anticoagulant results of warfarin; monitor closely. Geri a tri c Cons i dera ti ons Pa ti ents eighty yea rs of a ge ma y experi ence a grea ter i nci dence of gra de three or 4 a dvers e events (di a rrhea, ha nd-a ndfoot s yndrome, na us ea /vomi ti ng). Risk D: Consider therapy modification Etha nol /Nutri ti on/Herb Intera cti ons Food: Food decreased the ra the a nd extent of a bs orpti on of ca peci ta bi ne. Admi ni s tra ti on) Diluent Volume (mL) Capreomycin Final Concentration Solution Volume (mL) 2. Boxed Warning]: Use in sufferers with pre-existing auditory impairment have to be undertaken with nice caution, and the risk of further eighth nerve impairment should be weighed against the benefits to be derived from therapy. Boxed Warning]: Use in sufferers with renal impairment should be undertaken with great warning, and the chance of further renal injury must be weighed in opposition to the advantages to be derived from therapy. Concurrent drug therapy points: � Drugs wi th ototoxi c or nephrotoxi c potenti a l: [U. Boxed Warning]: Use with nonantituberculous medication (ie, aminoglycoside antibiotics) having ototoxic or nephrotoxic potential must be undertaken solely with nice caution. Risk C: Monitor therapy Neuromus cul a r-Bl ocki ng Agents: Ca preomyci n ma y enha nce the neuromus cul a r-bl ocki ng effect of Neuromus cul a r-Bl ocki ng Agents. Risk C: Monitor remedy Pol ymyxi n B: Ca preomyci n ma y enha nce the neuromus cul a r-bl ocki ng impact of Pol ymyxi n B. Pha rma codyna mi cs /Ki neti cs Ha l f-l i fe el i mi na ti on: Norma l rena l functi on: 4-6 hours; Cl cr 100-110 mL/mi nute: 5-6 hours; Cl cr 50-80 mL/mi nute: 7-10 hours; Cl cr 20-40 mL/mi nute: 12-20 hours; Cl cr 10 mL/mi nute: 29 hours; Cl cr 0 mL/mi nute: fifty five hours Ti me to pea k, s erum: I. Dos i ng: Rena l Impa i rment Cl cr 10-50 mL/mi nute: Admi ni s ter 75% of norma l dos. Herb/Nutra ceuti ca l: Avoi d ba yberry, bl ue cohos h, ca yenne, ephedra, gi nger, gi ns eng (Ameri ca n), kol a, l i cori ce (ma y wors en hypertens i on). Pa ti ent s houl d be cl os el y moni tored when begi nni ng thera py (a na phyl a cti c rea cti on or s evere a ngi oedema ca n occur). Boxed Warning]: Potentially fatal blood cell abnormalities have been reported following remedy. Contra cepti ves ma y be rendered l es s effecti ve by the coa dmi ni s tra ti on of ca rba ma zepi ne; a l terna ti ve methods of contra cepti on s houl d be cons i dered.

Discount enalapril 5 mg overnight delivery

In distinction to the restricted outcomes just mentioned, point-topoint reconstruction of damaged motor circuits within the grownup mind has been instructed in experiments by which fetal cortical tissue was grafted into aspiration-damaged grownup mind. Ultimately, cells engineered for replacement remedy will most likely require genetic and epigenetic modification to recapitulate maturation down a desired lineage pathway. In all cases, cells were reported to outlive, migrate to areas of injury, and produce some measurable neurological profit. Progenitor and untimely oligodendrocytes are also increased in the striatum and corpus callosum, and the boundary of the ischemic lesion appears to turn out to be encapsulated by axonal extension. For human use, this have to be achieved at an excellent laboratory follow standard, and the product should be shown to be protected for transplantation. Both graft cell proliferation and more strong incorporation into the host hippocampus were seen after damage than in noninjured, transplanted animals. The presence of oligodendrocyte precursors in grownup human white matter152 suggests that these cells could additionally be readily available for mobilization close to sites of harm. In addition, seeding transplanted cells onto artificial bioscaffolds may facilitate the formation of new connections across damaged tissue. There are vital experimental gene remedy initiatives under way which have led to presently active clinical trials involving the direct intracerebral delivery of viral vectors for treating neurodegenerative motion problems, and these remedies have been reported to be protected and well tolerated. Initial makes an attempt at direct local supply of therapeutic brokers into the brain relied on diffusion, which resulted in nonhomogeneous distribution restricted to a couple millimeters from the supply. This technique produces a fair distribution of highly concentrated agent over appreciable distances, the volume of which is dependent on the structural properties of the tissue and the parameters of the infusion process. Specifically, sturdy gene expression in neurons, preferentially transduced by adenoassociated virus type 2 vectors, has resulted in translation of this know-how to human utility. Cortical Stimulation and Neurorehabilitation Cortical neuronal stimulation by direct and indirect strategies is used experimentally in the medical rehabilitation setting. Timing of the initiation of neurorehabilitation is sort of necessary in that early, intense rehabilitative measures that concentrate on an impaired forelimb can be detrimental to anatomic and behavioral restoration. This progress course of might be influenced by neuronal stimulation, and important functional improvement could depend on the exterior activation of related circuitry.

Stigmasterol (Beta-Sitosterol). Enalapril.

  • High cholesterol.
  • Trouble urinating from an enlarged prostate, or "benign prostatic hyperplasia" (BPH).
  • What other names is Beta-sitosterol known by?
  • What is Beta-sitosterol?
  • How does Beta-sitosterol work?

Source: http://www.rxlist.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=96902

quality enalapril 10 mg

5 mg enalapril buy with amex

Resulting fractures generally have an effect on the region of the fulcrum, C5-C6 in adults and C2-C3 in children. About half of the 209 football accidents leading to everlasting quadriplegia between 1971 and 1975 were attributed to axial loading forces. In the lowered place, the cervical spine loses the lordotic contour that provides maximal capacity of the vertebral our bodies, disks, and cervical soft tissues to soak up and dissipate drive. Biomechanical research counsel that the axial load limits of the cervical spine in younger adults is between 3340 and 4450 Newtons, which could be readily approached with a quick walk when the top is lowered. On this foundation, most professional, faculty, and high school soccer leagues have banned each deliberate spearing and the use of the highest of the helmet because the preliminary point of contact when making a sort out. After these rule adjustments, a marked lower in cervical backbone injury charges occurred. Most rotational movement in the cervical backbone is facilitated by the atlas and axis. Extremes of rotation at this interface can produce neurological and vascular compromise. For example, with leftward rotation of the atlas, the best transverse foramen of the atlas moves in a posterior direction. In severe instances, this may lead to compromised brainstem or spinal twine circulation and has most commonly been described in wrestlers. The subaxial cervical backbone accounts for the remaining flexion and extension, that are in general greater in children than in adults. Notably, in children, up to 3 mm of anterolisthesis of C2 on C3 may be normally current. Unstable hyperflexion accidents incessantly outcome from disruption of the posterior longitudinal ligament. An element of rotation is usually present with hyperflexion accidents, and the mix of those two mechanisms can produce a devastating neurological harm as a result of rotational forces can produce dislocation of the bony constructions and hyperflexion forces can compromise the supportive soft tissues.

Bulbospinal amyotrophy, X-linked

Enalapril 5 mg order

In a prospective research by which Sjvo2 was monitored in 116 sufferers, hypotension was the third most common cause of jugular venous desaturation and accounted for 10% of the episodes. Monitoring for Secondary Ischemic Insults Secondary ischemic insults are global and usually transient. In addition, physiologic variables which are a typical explanation for secondary ischemic insults ought to be monitored. Monitoring for Cerebral Causes of Secondary Ischemic Insults Intracranial Hypertension Intracranial hypertension was the most typical cause of jugular venous desaturation in a prospective research of 116 patients with severe head harm; it accounted for 44% of the whole number of episodes. Increases in extracellular glutamate have also been reported throughout posttraumatic seizures. The impact of adjustments in Paco2 on cerebral vessels is mediated by the change in pH induced in extracellular fluid. Whether hyperventilation can truly end in cerebral ischemia in head-injured patients is controversial. In a prospective research during which Sjvo2 was monitored in 116 sufferers with extreme head injury, hypocapnia was the second commonest reason for jugular venous desaturation and accounted for 36% of the episodes. Five of the sufferers had ischemic areas that demonstrated the inverse steal response. In the absence of intracranial hypertension, the objective must be to take care of a traditional arterial Pco2 by fastidiously avoiding each hypocapnia and hypercapnia. In another study, there was a 20% improve in the number of sufferers left vegetative or lifeless when the initial Po2 was decrease than 60 mm Hg or the affected person was apneic. The objective ought to be to maintain arterial oxygen saturation (Sao2) at 95% or higher. Anemia the cerebrovascular effects of anemia have been studied extensively in normal experimental animals and regular people. After head injury, nonetheless, the cerebral vasculature will not be capable of dilating in response to the drop in Cao2, and ischemia might happen. The hemoglobin focus must be measured no much less than day by day during the early part after injury. It is probably going that this is doubtless one of the mechanisms whereby hypoxia will increase the severity of traumatic accidents. Pulmonary issues that may end up in hypoxia are frequent after severe head damage.

Mucolipidosis type 1

10 mg enalapril buy free shipping

In addition to anterolisthesis and retrolisthesis, displacement could additionally be in a lateral course, relying on the precise direction of the offending vectors. Although the vast majority of the injuries ensuing from this force are isolated fractures of the posterior components (facet, lamina, or spinous process), if a extreme pressure is utilized, the anterior longitudinal ligament and anulus will fail and lead to a extremely unstable shear fracture because retrolisthesis of the superior vertebral physique on the inferior vertebral section can happen. Flexion-Rotation this mixture of injury vectors produces an especially unstable harm of the vertebral column. The flexion load causes an anterior vertebral body compression fracture, whereas the rotational load disrupts the facet joints by fracturing the superior side on one facet and tearing the facet capsule on the opposite. In addition, the anulus might fail, the posterior ligaments are disrupted, and the posterior vertebral body might fracture, with retropulsion of bone into the canal. The fracture-dislocation that outcomes from this mix of load on the vertebral column was recognized by Holdsworth in his original paper as a highly unstable fracture that was "so continually associated with paraplegia. The use of high-dose intravenous methylprednisolone for acute spinal cord harm is very controversial, and tons of centers are moving away from the follow. This is due in part to the ongoing introduction of efficient internal fixation know-how and the perceived scientific advantages of operative spinal stabilization, such as early mobilization of the affected person. Another impetus for surgical procedure is to stop neurological deterioration, persistent ache, or the event of spinal deformity. Neurological enchancment of incomplete spinal cord lesions after anterior or posterior surgical decompression has been reported. Most lately, Stadhouder and coworkers carried out a parallel cohort research primarily based on clinical equipoise during which operative and nonoperative therapy of traumatic thoracic and lumbar fractures had been in contrast. Whitesides was adamant that persistent or progressive kyphosis inhibited neurological recovery. Occasionally, fractures of the higher thoracic spine are braced by obtaining buy from the cervical backbone through mandible or occipital pads or with a halo ring; such braces are categorized as cervicothoracic orthoses or cervicothoracolumbosacral orthoses. Gertzbein and associates, in a big multicenter study of 1019 thoracolumbar fractures, discovered a complication fee of 3% in the nonoperative group and 25% in surgically managed patients. There is evidence that hospitalization time can be shortened with surgical stabilization in patients with thoracic and lumbar fractures inflicting paralysis.

Buy enalapril 5 mg visa

Short programs of steroids may also be thought of within the presence of serious inflammatory symptoms. The use of topical adjuncts ought to be encouraged due to straightforward utility and minimal unwanted facet effects. Controlled examine knowledge exist for use of bisphosphonates with improved motion and decreased pain levels. In Europe, free radical scavengers similar to N-acetylcysteine and dimethylsulfoxide have been used. Intravenous lidocaine could supply diagnostic and therapeutic benefit and intravenous subanesthetic ketamine infusions may assist with pain aid. The use of opiates is at present a source of controversy because of dependancy and dependence potential on this population. Recently, nonetheless, the contribution of peripheral mechanisms including irritation and hypoxia has been better appreciated. Alterations have been found in small nerve fibers innervating blood vessels and the integument, in addition to aberrations in vascular and muscular tissue and different deep somatic tissues thought to come up because of injury by initial irritation. Hypoxia triggers inflammatory responses and nociceptive enter could result in sensitization and alteration in cortical group of sensory and motor items. Sympathetic dysfunction may outcome from central sympathetic hyperactivity or hypersensitivity of peripheral adrenergic receptors. Cytokine alterations affect the nitric oxide and endothelin stability and extreme ache impairs movement, probably leading to inflammatory mediators and free radicals accumulating, thus stopping desensitization. Severe continual pain causes psychological distress, which in turn influences sympathetic outflow and circulating catecholamine levels. While many of these ideas are hypotheses, their existence points to the likely multifactorial nature of this illness and the circular interaction between many of the components concerned. If patients plateau of their response to blockade, peripheral nerve or spinal twine stimulation, implantable spinal infusion pumps, sympathectomy, and deep brain stimulation should be thought of. Physical and occupational therapy and somatic integration therapies should have realistic goals and the remedy algorithm should involve an interdisciplinary approach.

Real Experiences: Customer Reviews on Enalapril

Hector, 35 years: D, Axial collapse-view magnetic resonance venography confirms the suspicion of lefttransversesinusthrombosis(closed arrows). Ci s pl a ti n-Doceta xel Lexi -Drugs Onl i ne Jump To Fi el d (Sel ect Fi el d Na me) Pha rma col ogi c Ca tegoryChemothera py Regi males, Bl a dder Ca ncer Regi men Us eBl a dder ca ncer Regi men Ci s pl a ti n: I.

Brenton, 29 years: Calcification in the aneurysm neck typically is related to poor end result, partly, as a outcome of many of those lesions are large or giant aneurysms. The brachiocephalic trunk is located farthest to the proper and ascends to the extent of the right sternoclavicular joint, where it divides into the proper common carotid and right subclavian arteries.

Yorik, 40 years: In instances of inferior- and anterior-pointing aneurysms, it may be prudent to put a quick lived clip on the ipsilateral A1 segment before initiating the contralateral dissection in search of the other A1 segment. Possible position of fibroblastic development factor in the pathogenesis of moyamoya illness.

Kulak, 47 years: Microsurgical anatomy of the basal cisterns and vessels � of the mind, diagnostic research, basic operative strategies and pathological concerns of the intracranial aneurysms. Whether injury to vascular or brain tissue takes place is determined by the exact properties of those two tissues.

Giores, 32 years: On impression, the brain moves toward the impact site and creates an area of negative strain immediately opposite the loading point. In its mildest kind (concussion), diffuse mind damage might not necessarily be structural and should contain only alterations in neural excitability, neurotransmission, or long-term modifications in receptor dysfunction and associated disabilities.

Kerth, 57 years: Complete disruption of the arterial wall results in blood extravasation into the encircling buildings. Retrolabyrinthine transsigmoid strategy to basilar trunk and vertebrobasilar artery junction aneurysms: technical observe.

9 of 10 - Review by H. Kaffu
Votes: 172 votes
Total customer reviews: 172


  • Gordon LB, Waxman MJ, Ragsdale L, et al: Overtreatment of presumed urinary tract infection in older women presenting to the emergency department, J Am Geriatr Soc 61:788n792, 2013.
  • Lavelle JP, Negrete HO, Poland PA, et al: Low permeabilities of MDCK cell monolayers: a model barrier epithelium, Am J Physiol 273(1 Pt 2):F67nF75, 1997.
  • Kumar A, Litt ER, Ballert KN, et al: Artificial urinary sphincter versus male sling for post-prostatectomy incontinenceowhat do patients choose?, J Urol 181:1231n1235, 2009.
  • Rao KG, Woodlief RM. CT simulation of cerebellopontine tumor by tortuous vertebrobasilar artery. AJR Am J Roentgenol 1979; 132(4):672-3.
  • Smith WS, Sung G, Saver J, et al. Mechanical thrombectomy for acute ischemic stroke: Final results of the Multi MERCI trial. Stroke 2008;39:1205-12.
  • Mainie I, Tutuian R, Agrawal A, et al: Combined multichannel intraluminal impedance-pH monitoring to select patients with persistent gastro-oesophageal reflux for laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication. Br J Surg 93:1483, 2006.
  • Rosser CJ, Kuban DA, Levy LB, et al: Prostate specific antigen bounce phenomenon after external beam radiation for clinically localized prostate cancer, J Urol 168(5):2001n2005, 2002.
  • Parys BT, Hamid S, Thomson RG: Severe hepatocellular dysfunction following cyproterone acetate therapy, Br J Urol 67(3):312n313, 1991.